Litigation Lawyers: What They Do and How They Help

Discover what does a litigation lawyer do, their key responsibilities, skills, and when you need one. Expert insights from Brillant Law Firm.

What Does a Litigation Lawyer Do? A litigation lawyer handles civil lawsuits. They help people solve legal disputes without criminal penalties but may involve financial compensation. Here’s a quick overview of their main duties:
– Draft legal documents (e.g., complaints, pleas)
– Investigate facts and consult with witnesses
– Represent clients in court
– Negotiate settlements

When you’re facing a lawsuit or need to file one, having a seasoned litigation lawyer can be a game-changer. These legal experts bring the skills and knowledge necessary to navigate complex legal issues and aim for the best possible outcomes for their clients.

Brillant Law Firm is here to provide that expertise. We understand the stakes involved in litigation cases and strive to bring unparalleled legal representation to every client.

My name is David Brillant, and I specialize in Estate Planning, Trust and Probate Law, and Taxation. My career is dedicated to solving complex legal problems, focusing on delivering tangible, positive outcomes for my clients.

Overview of a Litigation Lawyer's Duties - what does a litigation lawyer do infographic step-infographic-4-steps

What is a Litigation Lawyer?

A litigation lawyer, also known as a trial lawyer, is a legal professional who represents clients in civil lawsuits. Unlike criminal cases, civil lawsuits involve disputes between individuals or entities where the outcome typically involves financial compensation rather than jail time.

Civil Lawsuits Explained

Civil lawsuits can cover a wide range of issues, from personal injury claims to business disputes. The key factor is that these cases don’t involve criminal charges but can still lead to significant financial consequences. For example, if you’re injured in a car accident and want to recover medical expenses, you would file a civil lawsuit.

The Role of a Trial Lawyer

A trial lawyer is not just any lawyer; they specialize in representing clients in court. Their job is to advocate on behalf of their clients, whether they are plaintiffs (the ones filing the lawsuit) or defendants (the ones being sued).

Legal Professionals with Specialized Skills

Litigation lawyers are experts in navigating the complexities of the legal system. They handle everything from drafting legal documents to representing clients in court. Here are some of their key responsibilities:

  • Drafting Legal Documents: This includes pleas, complaints, counterclaims, and interrogatories.
  • Investigating the Case: Gathering facts, interviewing witnesses, and collecting evidence.
  • Court Representation: Selecting jury members, developing legal strategies, and appearing in court.
  • Negotiating Settlements: Working with opposing counsel to reach favorable outcomes without going to trial.

Litigation lawyers often specialize in specific types of cases, such as personal injury, auto accidents, or medical malpractice. This specialized knowledge allows them to provide the best possible representation for their clients.

litigation lawyer - what does a litigation lawyer do

Why You Might Need a Litigation Lawyer

If you find yourself in a complex legal situation, hiring a litigation lawyer can be crucial. They can help you navigate the intricate legal process, gather the necessary documentation, and build a strong case. Whether you’re seeking compensation or defending against a lawsuit, a skilled litigation lawyer can make a significant difference.

Key Responsibilities of a Litigation Lawyer

Drafting Legal Documents

One of the primary tasks of a litigation lawyer is drafting legal documents. These documents are essential for initiating and progressing through a lawsuit. They include:

  • Pleas: Formal statements made by both parties outlining their claims and defenses.
  • Complaints: The initial document filed by the claimant detailing the basis of the lawsuit.
  • Counterclaims: Claims made by the defendant against the plaintiff in response to the original complaint.
  • Interrogatories: Written questions that each party sends to the other to gather information pertinent to the case.

Effective document drafting is crucial for setting the groundwork for a successful case.

Investigating the Case

Before stepping into the courtroom, litigation lawyers spend considerable time investigating the case. This involves:

  • Fact-finding: Gathering all relevant facts that could impact the case.
  • Witness Interviews: Speaking with witnesses to collect statements and gather insights.
  • Evidence Gathering: Collecting documents, photographs, and other pieces of evidence that support the client’s position.

These steps help create a comprehensive narrative to present in court.

Court Representation

Litigation lawyers are also responsible for court representation. This includes:

  • Jury Selection: Choosing impartial jury members who can fairly judge the case.
  • Developing Legal Strategies: Crafting a plan to present the case effectively.
  • Court Appearances: Representing clients during pre-trial motions, trials, and post-trial proceedings.

Their role in court is to advocate for their clients and present their case in the most compelling way possible.

Negotiating Settlements

Not all cases go to trial. Litigation lawyers often engage in negotiating settlements to resolve disputes out of court. This involves:

  • Engaging with Opposing Counsel: Discussing terms and conditions with the lawyer representing the other party.
  • Aiming for Favorable Outcomes: Striving to reach a settlement that benefits their client.
  • Settlement Discussions: Conducting meetings and negotiations to agree on a resolution.

By negotiating settlements, litigation lawyers can save their clients time and money while achieving a satisfactory outcome.

In the next section, we will explore the various types of cases handled by litigation lawyers, including personal injury, auto accidents, and medical malpractice.

Types of Cases Handled by Litigation Lawyers

Litigation lawyers tackle a wide range of cases. Here are some of the most common:

Personal Injury Cases

Personal injury cases involve seeking financial compensation for injuries caused by someone else’s negligence. These injuries can lead to:

  • Medical Bills: Covering the cost of hospital stays, surgeries, and rehabilitation.
  • Lost Time: Compensation for time missed from work due to injury.

For example, if someone slips and falls in a grocery store due to a wet floor, a litigation lawyer can help the injured person get compensated for their medical expenses and lost wages.

Auto Accident Cases

Auto accident cases often require litigation lawyers to either defend drivers accused of causing accidents or represent injured parties. Key tasks include:

  • Defending Drivers: Protecting the rights of drivers who are wrongfully accused.
  • Representing Injured Parties: Helping those injured in accidents to receive compensation.

Imagine a scenario where a driver runs a red light and causes an accident. A litigation lawyer might represent the injured party to ensure they get compensation for their injuries and vehicle damage.

Medical Malpractice Cases

Medical malpractice cases are complex and involve representing injured patients or defending medical practitioners accused of wrongful conduct. These cases often revolve around:

  • Injured Patients: Seeking justice for patients harmed by medical errors.
  • Defending Medical Practitioners: Protecting doctors or nurses against unfounded accusations.

For instance, if a surgeon leaves a surgical instrument inside a patient, a litigation lawyer can help the patient sue for medical malpractice to cover additional medical costs and suffering.

Real Estate Disputes

Real estate disputes often involve conflicts between landlords and tenants or issues related to property ownership. Litigation lawyers help resolve:

  • Landlord-Tenant Disputes: Handling disagreements over lease terms, rent, or property conditions.
  • Property Ownership Issues: Resolving conflicts about property boundaries or ownership rights.

For example, if a tenant refuses to pay rent due to unresolved maintenance issues, a litigation lawyer can represent the landlord or tenant in court.

Wrongful Death Cases

Wrongful death cases arise when someone’s negligence leads to another person’s death. Litigation lawyers help the deceased’s family seek compensation for:

  • Funeral Expenses: Covering the cost of burial or cremation.
  • Loss of Income: Compensating for the financial support the deceased would have provided.

An example would be a fatal car accident caused by a drunk driver. The victim’s family could hire a litigation lawyer to sue for wrongful death to cover funeral costs and loss of income.

In the next section, we will discuss when you need a litigation lawyer, highlighting the benefits of their expertise and situations that require their assistance.

When Do You Need a Litigation Lawyer?

Navigating the legal system can be overwhelming. From court documentation to evidence gathering, the process is complex. Here’s when you might need a litigation lawyer and how they can help.

Benefits of Hiring a Litigation Lawyer

Comprehensive Assistance: Litigation lawyers offer a wide range of services. They help with drafting legal documents, investigating cases, and representing you in court. This means you don’t have to handle everything alone.

Legal Expertise: These lawyers have specialized knowledge. They understand the laws and regulations that apply to your case. This expertise can make a huge difference in the outcome.

Case Development: A litigation lawyer will develop a strong case for you. They gather evidence, consult with witnesses, and create legal strategies. This thorough preparation increases your chances of success.

Situations Requiring a Litigation Lawyer

Misconduct Accusations: If you or a loved one is accused of misconduct, a litigation lawyer is essential. They can defend you against these accusations and protect your rights.

Civil Damages Recovery: When you need to recover damages from an at-fault party, a litigation lawyer can help. They work to get you compensation for medical bills, lost income, and other expenses.

Defense Against Lawsuits: If someone sues you, a litigation lawyer can defend your case. They aim to minimize or eliminate any compensation you might have to pay.

In summary, litigation lawyers are crucial in complex legal situations. They offer comprehensive assistance, have specialized legal expertise, and can develop a strong case for you. Whether you face misconduct accusations, need to recover civil damages, or defend against a lawsuit, hiring a litigation lawyer can make all the difference.

Next, we will explore the skills required for a litigation lawyer to excel in their field.

Skills Required for a Litigation Lawyer

Being a successful litigation lawyer involves a unique set of skills. These professionals need to navigate complex legal landscapes, manage high-stakes cases, and advocate effectively for their clients. Here are the key skills that every great litigation lawyer must have:


Communication skills are crucial. A litigator must succinctly summarize arguments and present complex legal concepts in simple terms. For instance, during a trial, the lawyer must explain intricate legal points to the jury in a way that is easy to understand.


Organization skills are essential. Missing a court deadline can lead to severe penalties and damage a lawyer’s reputation. A well-organized litigator keeps track of all documents, deadlines, and case details meticulously.

Attention to Detail

Having an eye for detail can make or break a case. Litigators need to spot small discrepancies in the opponent’s case and determine what is relevant during the disclosure stage. This skill helps in building a strong, evidence-backed argument.


Negotiation skills are a must. A litigator often engages in settlement discussions to resolve conflicts before going to court. The ability to persuade the opposing party or the judge of the case’s merits is vital.


Adaptability is key. The litigation process is unpredictable, and unexpected obstacles can arise. A successful litigator anticipates these challenges and adjusts their strategies accordingly.


Finally, determination is essential. Litigation can be chaotic and complicated. A determined litigator maintains composure and works tirelessly to achieve the best outcome for their client.

Frequently Asked Questions about Litigation Lawyers

What’s the difference between a litigator and a lawyer?

Lawyer is a broad term that refers to anyone who has been educated in law and is licensed to practice. A lawyer can provide legal advice, draft documents, and represent clients in various legal matters.

Litigator, on the other hand, is a type of lawyer who specializes in court cases. They are the trial advocates who represent clients in civil lawsuits, handle court procedures, and argue motions in front of a judge or jury. In short, while all litigators are lawyers, not all lawyers are litigators.

What is the role of a lawyer in a litigation process?

A lawyer’s role in the litigation process is multifaceted and involves several key activities:

  • Drafting Legal Documents: Lawyers draft pleas, complaints, counterclaims, and interrogatories. These documents are essential for filing the case and responding to the opposition.

  • Court Procedures: They navigate the complex rules of civil procedure, ensuring that all filings and actions comply with court requirements.

  • Jury Handling: Litigators are responsible for selecting jury members and presenting arguments in a way that resonates with them.

  • Settlement Negotiation: Before a case reaches trial, litigators often engage in settlement discussions to resolve disputes favorably for their clients.

What lawyer makes the most money?

Several types of lawyers are known for their high earning potential:

  • Patent Attorneys: These lawyers specialize in intellectual property law and help clients secure patents for their inventions. Their expertise in a niche field often commands high salaries.

  • IP Attorneys: Intellectual property attorneys deal with copyrights, trademarks, and trade secrets. Their role is crucial in protecting a company’s or individual’s creative works.

  • Trial Lawyers: Experienced trial lawyers, especially those handling high-stakes cases, can earn substantial incomes. Their skills in courtroom advocacy and negotiation are highly valued.

  • Tax Attorneys: Specializing in tax law, these lawyers advise clients on tax-related matters and represent them in disputes with tax authorities. Their specialized knowledge can result in high compensation.

  • Corporate Lawyers: These lawyers handle legal issues for businesses, including mergers, acquisitions, and compliance. Their role in facilitating complex transactions often leads to lucrative salaries.

Next, we’ll explore the Types of Cases Handled by Litigation Lawyers to give you a better understanding of the various legal scenarios where their expertise is invaluable.


At Brillant Law Firm, we pride ourselves on providing expert representation tailored to meet your unique needs. Our litigation lawyers are specialists in their fields, ensuring that you receive the highest level of legal advice and representation.

Expert Representation: Our attorneys bring years of focused experience to every case. We understand the complexities of litigation and are skilled at navigating the legal system to achieve the best possible outcomes for our clients.

Tailored Strategies: We know that every case is different. That’s why we develop customized legal strategies designed to meet the specific needs of each client. Whether you are dealing with business disputes, personal injury claims, or real estate conflicts, we have the expertise to help you succeed.

Commitment to Excellence: Our commitment to excellence is unwavering. We stay ahead of the curve by continuously updating our knowledge and leveraging the latest legal trends and technologies. This ensures that we provide the most effective and efficient legal services possible.

If you need expert legal assistance, don’t hesitate to reach out to us. Contact Brillant Law Firm today to discuss your case and find out how we can help you navigate the complexities of litigation.

Next, we’ll explore the Types of Cases Handled by Litigation Lawyers to give you a better understanding of the various legal scenarios where their expertise is invaluable.

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